Test Details

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Culture And Sensitivity, Urine

Number of parameters covered 4

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Synonyms/Also Known as

Urine Culture and Sensitivity, Urine C and S

Related tests

Urinalysis, Blood Culture, Gram Stain, Urine Protein

Why get tested?

To diagnose a urinary tract infection (UTI).

When to get tested?

When there are symptoms of UTI (Frequent and painful urination). When preliminary urinalysis indicates UTI.

Sample required

Spot Urine

Test preparation needed

No special preparation required

About The Test

How is it used
The urine culture and sensitivity test help to diagnose a urinary tract infection (UTI) and to identify the causative of the infection. Urine culture along with susceptibility testing helps determine which antibiotics will inhibit the growth of the microbe that is causing the infection. The results will help to determine which drugs are most effective in treating an infection. Urine is generally sterile but sometimes bacteria or yeast can cause a urinary tract infection. Most of the UTIs are easily treated. However, if they are not treated, the infection may ascend into the kidneys causing permanent kidney damage or infection in the blood (sepsis, septicemia). People with kidney diseases, diabetes, kidney stones, and weak immunity are more prone to frequent and complicated UTIs.

FAQ’s

1. What is a contaminated urine sample?

When skin and genital area not cleaned prior to sample collection, the urine culture may show more than three types of bacteria and is assumed to be contaminated sample.

2. What happens if UTI goes untreated?

Urine is generally sterile but sometimes bacteria or yeast can cause a urinary tract infection. Most of the UTIs are easily treated. However, if they are not treated, the infection may ascend into the kidneys causing permanent kidney damage or infection in the blood (sepsis, septicemia).

3. What are the risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infections?

The incidence of UTI in females is higher than in males due to the anatomical structure of the female genitourinary tract. Congenital abnormalities in children, sexual intercourse, diaphragm use, diabetes, pregnancy, reflux, neurologic dysfunction, kidney stones, and tumors in adults cause recurrent UTI. indwelling catheters and instrumentation of the urinary tract also cause UTI.