Synonyms/Also Known as
Urine Culture and Sensitivity, Urine C and S
Urinalysis, Blood Culture, Gram Stain, Urine Protein
Why get tested?
To diagnose a urinary tract infection (UTI).
When to get tested?
When there are symptoms of UTI (Frequent and painful urination). When preliminary urinalysis indicates UTI.
Test preparation needed
No special preparation required
About The Test
How is it used
1. What is a contaminated urine sample?
When skin and genital area not cleaned prior to sample collection, the urine culture may show more than three types of bacteria and is assumed to be contaminated sample.
2. What happens if UTI goes untreated?
Urine is generally sterile but sometimes bacteria or yeast can cause a urinary tract infection. Most of the UTIs are easily treated. However, if they are not treated, the infection may ascend into the kidneys causing permanent kidney damage or infection in the blood (sepsis, septicemia).
3. What are the risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infections?
The incidence of UTI in females is higher than in males due to the anatomical structure of the female genitourinary tract. Congenital abnormalities in children, sexual intercourse, diaphragm use, diabetes, pregnancy, reflux, neurologic dysfunction, kidney stones, and tumors in adults cause recurrent UTI. indwelling catheters and instrumentation of the urinary tract also cause UTI.