Synonyms/Also Known as
Lipase, Trypsin, Trypsinogen
Why get tested?
To diagnose and monitor acute pancreatitis. To diagnose and monitor chronic pancreatitis or other pancreatic diseases in some cases.
When to get tested?
When a person has symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, fever, loss of appetite, or nausea suggestive of a pancreatic disorder.
About The Test
How is it used
1) Do elevated amylase levels always indicate a pancreatic disorder?
No. Amylase levels may be elevated in gallbladder attacks and other conditions, such as ovarian cancer, lung cancer, tubal pregnancy, acute appendicitis, diabetic ketoacidosis, mumps, intestinal obstruction, or a perforated ulcer, etc. But amylase tests are neither diagnostic nor therapeutic in these conditions.
2) Can medications affect the amylase levels?
Yes. Drugs like aspirin, diuretics, oral contraceptives, corticosteroids, indomethacin, ethyl alcohol, and opiates elevate amylase levels.
3) What are P-amylase and S-amylase?
Enzyme Amylase has several different forms in different tissues ( isoenzymes). P-amylase is synthesized mainly in the pancreas. S-amylase is the amylase made mainly in the salivary glands. Serum P-amylase is elevated when the pancreas is inflamed or damaged. S-amylase is elevated in inflammation or damaged of the salivary gland.