Synonyms/Also Known as
Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase, SGPT, GPT, Alanine Transaminase
AST, ALP, GGT, Bilirubin, Liver Panel, Albumin, Total Protein, Prothrombin Time, Acute Viral Hepatitis Panel
Why get tested?
To detect and diagnose liver damage and liver diseases.
When to get tested?
To detect, evaluate, and monitor acute and chronic liver inflammation (hepatitis), liver infection, liver disease and/or and liver damage.
Test preparation needed
No special preparation required
About The Test
How is it used
1. Can Liver diseases be asymptomatic?
Yes, early acute liver disease and chronic liver disease often have no symptoms or have mild non-specific symptoms, such as fatigue and nausea.
2. Can abnormal test results indicate a normal liver?
Yes, in many conditions, such as shock, burns, severe infections, muscle trauma, dehydration, pancreatitis, hemolysis, and pregnancy, one or more parameters of the LFT are abnormal.
3. Why is family history important?
In genetically inherited conditions, such as hemochromatosis and Wilson disease, can there is progressive damage to the liver. Early detection of these conditions helps in treatment and further management.
4. What are the other conditions that can increase AST levels?
Conditions associated with heart and skeletal muscle, can elevate AST levels. Mild to moderate increase may be seen with vigorous exercise, skeletal muscle injury, acute pancreatitis and heart attacks.
5. What are the other tests done to determine the cause of liver damage?
A thorough physical examination and evaluation of person's medical history is done initially. This is followed by tests for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C, copper and ceruloplasmin levels in Wilson disease, iron tests and genetic tests for hemochromatosis, etc. To know the cause and extent of liver damage, a liver biopsy may be performed.