Lipid Profile, Serum
This test measures the amount of cholesterol and other fats in your blood. Cholesterol and triglycerides are fats. These fats are important for cell health, but they can be harmful when they build up in the blood. .
Synonyms/Also Known as
Lipid Panel, Coronary Risk Panel
Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Direct LDL Cholesterol, VLDL Cholesterol, Cardiac Risk Assessment, Lp-PLA2, ApoA-I, ApoB, Lp(a), LDL Particle Testing
Why get tested?
To assess the risk of developing a heart disease and to monitor its treatment
When to get tested?
As a screening test when no risk factors are present and to monitoring at regular intervals when risk factors are present. When high risk levels are present in the prior results and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
Test preparation needed
It is recommended that the person fasting for at least 10-12 hours before the test. Person is advised not to eat or drink anything except water prior to the test
About The Test
How is it used
1. What is the plan of treatment if lipid levels are unhealthy?
Lifestyle modifications are necessary to maintain healthy lipid levels. A diet low in saturated fat and trans unsaturated fats, avoiding smoking, controlling hypertension and diabetes, and moderate exercise. Drug therapy may be initiated on the basis of the results of the lipid profile.
2. Is lipid profile necessary in a person with total cholesterol levels less than 200 mg/dL on screening?
If the total cholesterol is below 200 mg/dl and there is no family history of heart disease or other risk factors, a complete lipid profile is not required. However, an HDL cholesterol test is important to ruleout low HDL.
3. What is a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) test?
The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) test is used as part of a lipid profile to assess the risk of heart diseases and to monitor its treatment. LDL is not measured directly but is calculated from the results of total cholesterol, HDL and triglycerides. This calculation is accurate in most of the cases but becomes inaccurate when triglycerides are high (i.e., > 400 mg/dL). In such cases, LDL is to measured directly.
4. What is LDL-P test?
LDL-P test measures the number of LDL particles, rather than measuring the amount of LDL-cholesterol. The number of LDL particles, and their size, is an additional factor to consider when determining the risk for cardiovascular diseases.